Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Table 25: MRI sequences and techniques. See also General MRI Acronym Directory
Name Type Description Reference
ASL Perfusion Arterial spin labeling [Detre et al., 1994]
DW   Diffusion weighted  
EPI   Echo planar imaging  
EPISTAR Perfusion Echo planar imaging and signal targeting with alternating radiofrequency [Edelman et al., 1994]
FAIR Perfusion Flow-sensitive alterating inversion recovery [Kim, 1995,Kwong et al., 1995]
FISP GRE Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession  
FLAIR IR Fluid Attenuation Inversion Recovery  
FLASH GRE Fast Low Angle Shot  
GE-MBEST   Gradient Echo Modulus Blipped Echo planar Shot Technique  
GEMS   Gradient Echo Multi Slice  
GRASS GRE Gradient Recalled Acquisition in the Steady State  
GRE   Gradient echo  
HASTE   Half-Fourier single shot turbo spin-echo  
IR T1 Inversion recovery. Initial 180-pulse (inversion) followed by a 90-pulse  
MPRAGE   Magnetization Prepared RApid Gradient Echo  
PICORE ASL, tagging   Wong et al 1997
QUIPPS ASL Quantitative imaging of perfusion using a single subtraction [Wong et al., 1998]
RR-EPI   Robarts Research Echo Planar Imaging  
SE T1, T1, PD, diffusion Spin echo. Slice selective 90 pulse and one or more 180-pulse  
SE-MBEST   Spin Echo Modulus Blipped Echo planar Single pulse Technique  
SEMS   Spin Echo Multi Slice  
SENSE   Sensitivity Encoding [Puessmann et al., 1999],
SPGR GRE Spoiled Grass  
Spiral Readout Readout in a spiral pattern in the k-space  
SR T1 Saturation recovery  
SS-FSE   Single shot fast spin echo  
STAR   Signal Targeting with Alternating Radiofrequency  
Turbo-PICORE ASL, tagging   Wong et al 2000

Object Oriented Development Interface for NMR (ODIN, including Pulsar is a collection of for generation and simulation of MR sequences.

Contrast agents

Finn Årup Nielsen 2010-04-23