Photonic crystal fibres and the company Crystal Fibre A/S

Anders Bjarklev

Research Center COM,
Technical University of Denmark, Building 345v,
DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark

In 1987, it was suggested that the electronic bandgaps in semiconductors could have an optical analogy - the so-called photonic bandgaps (PBGs), which could be found in periodic dielectric structures. This suggestion initiated research activities, which over the past few years have lead to a new class of optical fibers, in which the cladding structure consist of a periodic system of air holes in a matrix of dielectric material - typically silica. These fibers have been given several names ranging from holey fibers, microstructured fibers, photonic crystal fibers, to photonic bandgap fibers. These fibers have today reached a level of maturity where they may be used as building blocks for a variety of new applications. Hence, from focusing on the basic photonic crystal fiber itself and its special way of guiding light, today's research is turning towards applications of the fibers. Some of the new applications that are receiving a significant amount of attention are based on nonlinear effects - super continuum generation and applications of such being highly studied examples. In this presentation, we will firstly discuss the basic properties of photonic crystal fibers and highlight their unique features. Secondly, we will point towards the future of this technology and address a number of potential applications of the fibers.