Graduate School in Nonlinear Science

Sponsored by the Danish Research Academy

MIDIT                               OFD                           CATS
Modelling, Nonlinear Dynamics       Optics and Fluid Dynamics     Chaos and Turbulence Studies
and Irreversible Thermodynamics     Risø National Laboratory      Niels Bohr Institute and 
Technical University of Denmark     Building 128                  Department of Chemistry
Building 321                        P.O. Box 49                   University of Copenhagen 
DK-2800 Lyngby                      DK-4000 Roskilde              DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø
Denmark                             Denmark                       Denmark


by Pavel Lushnikov
L. D. Landau Inistitute for Theoretical Physics
Moscow University
Moscow, Russia

MIDIT-seminar 431

Thursday November 26, 1998, 14.00 h
at MIDIT, IMM Building 305, room 027

Abstract: A nonlinear theory is developed to describe the generation of hexagonal optical structures in a photorefractive medium with a feedback mirror. The counterpropagation of light beams in photorefractive crystal results in transverse instability against the excitation of weak sideband waves at small angles. The nonlinear three-wave interaction of these weak waves leads to the explosive amplitude growth of the waves under the angles ±pi/3 between each other. It is shown here that as this instability evolves to its nonlinear stage, the three- wave interaction between weak sideband beams does not stabilize it, but rather leads to explosive growth of the amplitudes of beams whose transverse wave vectors form angles that are multiples of pi/3. As a result, sidebands beams at these angles are found to be correlated. A range of parameters is found in which four-wave interactions saturate the explosive instability, which explains the appearance of stable hexagons in the experiment. Outside this region, nonlinearities of higher order saturate the explosive instability, and the process of hexagon generation must be studied numerically. Matrix elements are obtained for the three- and four-wave interactions as functions of the distance to the feedback mirror, and an equation for the time evolution of the sideband wave amplitudes is derived that describes the hexagon generation. A comparison is made with experimental results for the photorefractive crystals KNbO3 and BaTiO3.