Department of Mathematical Modelling

Technical University of Denmark
Building 321/305
DK-2800 Lyngby

Telephone: +45 4588 1433
Telefax : +45 4588 2673
E-mail : imm@imm.dtu.dk

On the interaction between wheels and rails in railway dynamics

Eva Charlotte Slivsgaard


The present thesis is concerned with the mathematical modelling of a railway vehicle. The modelling does not only deal with the vehicle but also the track it runs on. Defferent models are described and investigated as to how they affect the dynamics of the vehicle.

The bulk of the investigations is focussed on the stability of the vehicle. For this we introduce two stability criteria: the linear critical speed and the nonlinear critical speed. The linear critical speed is the vehicle speed at which the vehicle becomes unstable in a linear analyses, while the nonlinear critical speed is such that no oscillating solutions occur below this vehicle speed. The difference between a linear and a nonlinear analysis is hereby pointed out.

The oscillating solutions found are analysed by applying methods from the nonlinear dynamics. By this periodic and chaotic solutions are described, for instance a seenario of a period adding sequence.

For the vehicle we use a two-car test vehicle with a prototype of a single-axle bogie (a so-called KERF bogie). The vehicle is from the Danish State Railways and runs on the Copenhagen network. What is special about this vehicle is that the single axle bogie is steered by a mechanical steering system. Interest is focussed on the single-axle bogie.

For simplification a model of the single-axle bogie alone is analysed under different modelling conditions. The dynamics of a model of the whole vehicle are investigated on:

Among other things, the investigations lead to the understanding of the influence of the stiffness in the steering system. On the irregular track the simulations are compared with corresponding measurements.

Furthermore two different models are developed for the track:

The simple model is used to find the influence of a flexible track on the dynamics of the single-axle bogie, while the elastic model is more useful to for example study the effect of changes in flexibility along the track.

Finally measurements of the flexibility of tracks are described.

IMM Ph.D Thesis 20

Last modi fied April 18, 1997

For further information, please contact, Finn Kuno Christensen, IMM, Bldg. 321, DTU
Phone: (+45) 4588 1433. Fax: (+45) 4588 2673, E-mail: fkc@imm.dtu.dk

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